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  • The relationships of role conflict, role ambiguity, and sense of coherence among head nurses

    Towner, Susan Batchelor; School of Nursginh (1988-11)
    The Relationships of Role Conflictp Role Ambiguity, and Sense of Coherence Among Head Nurses ( u--·nde·r the .. direction of DR. NANCY MCCAIN) The purpose of this descriptive correlational study ~as to ascertain if a relationship existed between head nurses' perceived· role conflict, role ambiguity, and sense of coherence. The theor~tical framework for the study was ba.sed on the Kahn et .al. ( 1964) ro 1 e episode model and Antonovsky's (1987) concept of sense of coherence. The subjects were _·cQmprised of a convenience sample of 30 head nurses in a southeastern metropolitan area Veteran's Administration Hospital who participated in a management development course. Data were collected with the use of a demographic data- questionnaire, Rol~ Conflict and Ambiguity Scale by Rizzo et al. (1964)p and Sense of Coherence Scale by Antonovsky (1987) during the first in the series of management development classes to measure perceived levels of role conflict, subtypes of role conflict, and role ambiguity as well as the level of sense of coherence. Secondary analysis was chosen as a means for obtaining da~a to determine if there were correlations among the variables, using the Pe~rson product-moment technique·. A sign1ficant (R :~ ~05) negative correlation (~ = -.46) was tound b~tween sen~e of eoh~rence and role ambiguity~ Other significant f~ndings included a nega~ive correlation between person~role conflict and highest ~ducational lev~l attai~ed. 1~ ~. ~··~?) and positive correlations between years in current position and intra-sender role confli~t (~ = .31), job satisfaction and person-role conflict (~ = .38)9 intra-sender role· conflic~ and job satisfactiori (~ = .37), and role ambiguity and job satisfaction (~ = .51), as well as with sense of coherence and· years in current position(~= .33).
  • The effects of structured preoperative teaching on the anxiety level and the compliance behavior of postoperative patients

    Tessier, Judith; School of Nursing (1983-08)
    In this research study, the effect of structured preoperative teaching on artxiety.and compliance was examined. The researcher hypothesized that patients who received the structured preoperative teaching would experience less anxiety postoperatively and would exhibit more compliance to the specific postoperative routines of turning, coughing, deep breathing, incentive spirometry and ambulation. The study utilized a quasi-experimental research des1gn. Ten subjects, undergoing a variety of lower abdominal surgeries, were assigned to either an experimental or a control group. Demographic data, such as age, sex, marital status, and amount of education, and subjective data, including the Sirne preoperative questionnaire and the Zung self-rating anxiety scale, were obtained preoperatively before teaching was begun. Subjective data utilizing the Sime postoperative questionnaire and objective data, using the Tessier cornpliance.to postoperative routines scale were obtained postoperatively. Analysis of variance and analysis of covariance were used to analy"ze the data. Both hypotheses were supported. The results of· the study showed th.at preoperative teaching did lessen anxiety and did increase compliance to the postoperative routines.

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